On September 20, 2020 Lithuania, was unveiled in Kryžkalnis partisan memorial. KRYŽKALNIS MEMORIAL was consecrated by the cardinal, Kaunas Archbishop Emeritus Sigitas Tamkevičius. The event was attended by the Republic of Lithuania President Gitanas Nausėda, Ministers of the Republic of Lithuania, Members of the Seimas, Raseiniai municipal leaders, authors of the partisan memorial, Lithuanian Freedoms leaders of the combat movement and other civil society organizations members, surviving partisans, Lithuanian soldiers, shooters, etc.
At the request of the visitors of our website www.partizanumemorialas.lt we provide insights from scientists and ethologists about the meaning of the Memorial Obelisk for the Lithuanian Partisans – the Lithuanian sword being embedded, and the unique traditions of honouring the Aistian (ancient Lithuanian) warriors – the graves being marked with vertically embedded arms: axes, spears and swords.
Archeologists DR. VYTAUTAS KAZAKEVIČIUS and DR. ARVYDAS MALONAITIS
We present the summary of the article by the researchers and archaeologists Dr. A. Malonaitis and Dr. V. Kazakevičius on the significance of guns vertically thrust into graves and cenotaphs:
‘Vertically thrust weapons: axes, spears and swords are associated with magic. It was thought that stabbing weapons were the most powerful, combining the two magical properties – metal and sharpness. When stabbing, their magical function is greatly enhanced as it pierces an enemy or an evil spirit.
The sword, vertically thrust onto the mound, has several more meanings: it marks a symbolic burial ground for the soldiers, honours those soldiers and commanders who showed extraordinary courage, and protects spirits of the dead. It is likely that a thrust weapon represents a soldier who has died or gone missing abroad.’
Thus, vertically mounted weapons were used to mark the symbolic burials of soldiers, to honour their memory and to protect their spirits from evil.
Ethnologist, administrator or ‘Alkas’ website JONAS VAIŠKŪNAS
Professor, ethnologist LIBERTAS KLIMKA
‘A sword stuck into a hill is as if protecting of the Motherland. By the way, it reminds also the Cross… The sword is stuck after the victorious battle into the sacred soil of Motherland, to clean the abominable designs of the enemy!’